World Tuberculosis Day 2022 is celebrated worldwide every year on 24 March. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make people aware of the disease of TB. Millions of people around the world are battling TB disease. This is a severe bacterial infection that affects the lungs. Gradually, it can spread to other parts of the body like your brain and spine. This disease is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Symptoms of tuberculosis
- One of the most common symptoms of TB is a cough that lasts for a long time. It lasts for more than 2-3 weeks. The cough that comes with TB is not dry, and saliva and mucus also come out.
- Coughing up blood
- Chest pain or pain while breathing
- Rapid Weight Loss
- Extreme fatigue
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite is a common symptom of TB
Why Tuberculosis Causes
When someone infected with TB coughs, sneezes or laughs, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria are passed from person to person through the air, causing TB. According to experts, these bacteria spread very quickly, but it is not so easy to have a TB infection despite this. It usually affects the lungs, but apart from this, it can also affect the lymph glands, abdomen, spine, joints, and other body areas.
There are two types of TB infection. Latent TB and Active TB. In latent TB, the patient is not infectious and does not show any specific symptoms. In this, the infection remains inside the body, and it can become active. On the other hand, inactive TB, the germs multiply manifold and make you sick.
In this situation, you can spread this disease to others as well. Ninety per cent of active TB cases are caused by latent TB infection. Sometimes this drug also becomes resident, i.e. some medicines do not work on its bacteria.
Which people are more at risk (Tuberculosis Risk Factors)
If a friend or colleague of yours has active TB, there is every chance of you getting infected too. People who have lived or travelled to regions such as Russia, Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean are more likely to develop TB because TB is common.
People infected with HIV, people living in the homeless or prison, or those who take drugs through injection are more likely to spread it. Health workers treating TB patients also fall prey to it. Smokers are always at risk of TB disease.
Health experts say that treatment should be started immediately as soon as symptoms of TB appear. The longer people wait, the worse their condition becomes. A doctor should be contacted directly if symptoms occur. TB is usually treated over six months.