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National Family Health Survey Shows Which Did Not Happen In 70 Years


National Family Health Survey: There is a very famous phrase given by India’s renowned economist and Nobel laureate Amartya Sen – ‘Missing women’. Could you not go on its literal meaning? Through this phrase, Amartya highlighted an observation in the 90s. The observation is that in Asia’s developing nations, mainly India and China, the women’s ratio is much lower than the men’s. Talking about India, at that time, there were 927 women per 1000 men.

Amartya Sen calculated how many women are less in this ratio. Dr Sen believed that if the male-female sex ratio in India and China were equal, women and men received similar care, 200 million women would be alive today. This is an estimate of the total number of women who died prematurely due to gender discrimination.

I am telling you about this today because news related to Dr Sen’s observation has come. Today, 20 years later, there has been a change in the situation in India that Sen warned about in 1990. According to the National Family Health Survey report, the number of women has increased compared to men for the first time in the country. What else is unique in this report? We will tell further.


National Family Health Survey

First of all, let us tell you what this stuffy ball named National Family Health Survey is. This is a survey which is done all over India. Families from different states of India are part of its sample. Observations come out based on that sample.

This survey is conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of India, i.e. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Its technical dimension is seen by the International Institute for Population Sciences- (IIPS).

This survey was started in 1992-93. The second survey was conducted in 1998-99. Third 2005-2006. Fourth in 2014-2015. And the report that came yesterday was the fifth survey of NFHS. This survey was done in 14 states and union territories, including UP, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jharkhand. Today we will talk about five notable observations of this survey.


First and foremost: Improvement in the male-female sex ratio.

Now the number of women is more than men in the country. Now there are 1020 women per 1000 men. There were 1,009 females per 1,000 males in villages and 956 in cities. It is clear from the statistics that now the number of women in India is increasing continuously. Whereas before that, the situation was somewhat different.

In the 1990s, there were only 927 females for every 1000 males. In the third NHFS survey conducted in 2005-06, it became equal to 1000-1000. After this, in the fourth survey in 2015-16, these figures again declined. There were 991 females against 1000 males. It has happened for the first time that the proportion of women in the country has overtaken men.

Decrease in fertility rate

There has been a drop in the fertility rate. It has come down from 2.2 to 2. Meaning earlier, a mother used to give birth to 2.2 children on average. Now she is giving birth to an average of 2 children. This decline means that fewer children are being born. This will have a direct impact on the population of the country.


There has been an increase in institutional births and C-section deliveries.

Institutional birth means the delivery done by a health care centre or hospital with the help of a healthcare worker. And C section delivery means delivery done by caesarean delivery or operation. Now there are 89% delivery institutional in the country. In Puducherry and Tamil Nadu, it is 100%. That is, every child there is born in the hospital and healthcare centre itself.

Increase in the number of women having their bank account.

There has been a 25% increase in women having a bank account in their name. Today 78.6% of women in the country operate their bank accounts. In 2015-16, this figure was only 53%.

More than half of the country’s women and children are suffering from anaemia.

Anaemia means lack of blood. Children in the age group of 6 to 59 months and girls and women in the age group of 15 to 50 years are suffering from anaemia. Talking about children, anaemia among children in urban areas is 64.2, while it is 68.3% in rural areas. In this way, 67.1% of the children in the country are anaemic. In NFHS-4, this number was 58.6%.


57.2% of non-pregnant women aged 15-49 also suffer from anaemia.

This report tells us where we stand in the year 2021. By the way, we live in an era where we are going to do 5G testing. But what is the condition of women? It is in front of you all.

Abhay Singh
Abhay Singh is Our Journalist at Spot News 18. He Loves to Gather News and to Provide Authentic News to Our Readers. He Is very Passionated about his Work.

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