World Tuberculosis Day 2021: Tuberculosis Day is celebrated all over the world on 24 March. According to Hindi terminology, it is also known as World Tuberculosis. In 1882, the TB bacteria was discovered by Robert Koch. Therefore, this day is remembered every year to raise awareness about this deadly disease.
World Tuberculosis Day 2021
Also, in some educational institutions, information about the measures and symptoms to avoid TB is given today. Although the treatment of TB is present in our country, due to the fatal health condition, about 1.5 million people die of TB every year in developing countries.
What is Tuberculosis?
TB causes a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This disease spreads through the air. That’s why people usually get TB. This disease spreads when in contact with a TB patient. Simultaneously, no TB symptoms are seen first, but it can be activated later if the infection is alive—world Tuberculosis Day 2021.
Symptoms of TB
- If someone has been coughing for more than three weeks
- Coughing up blood or sputum
- Loss of appetite
- Chest pain
- Feeling tired
Measures to avoid Tuberculosis
- Getting the children to get the BCG vaccine
- Go to TB patient wearing a mask
- Respiratory hygiene should be maintained with the TB patient.
- Education and awareness about TB can reduce the disease.
Data on TB patients in 2021: World Tuberculosis Day 2021
The goal of eradicating TB disease is challenging to meet by 2025 as the number of TB patients increases every year. In the year 2017, 17 lakh 34 thousand 905 TB patients were found in the whole country. Whereas in the year 2018, this number increased to 21 lakh 1 thousand 82. At the same time, in the year 2019, the number of identified patients in the country was 24 lakh 1 thousand 589, but in 2020, the number of TB patients fell significantly. Last year, 18 lakh 11 thousand 105 patients were found in the country.