Five Assam Police personnel died on Monday (July 26). These soldiers had to lose their lives due to the Assam Mizoram border dispute that has been going on for the last several decades. This border dispute suddenly turned violent on Monday. There was also a dispute between Assam and Mizoram in October last year.
Assam Mizoram Border Dispute
People of both states clashed twice last year due to a border dispute. At least eight people died in the violence in the year 2020. At the same time, some houses and shops were also burnt. After all, why is Assam once again at loggerheads with its neighbouring state, and why is the border dispute deepening within the country in the North East? Let us tell you about this in detail.
Assam disputes with other states also.
Mizoram shares its border with the Barak Valley of Assam. The borders of both countries are adjacent to Bangladesh. In the North East, there is often a situation of tension on the border over many issues. Assam has border disputes with Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.
Apart from Meghalaya, sometimes Assam also has disputes with Nagaland. Last month, the decades-old border dispute with Meghalaya gained momentum. Due to the coronavirus epidemic, there was a lockdown in the country in 2020, when Assam started a debate with Meghalaya and Mizoram.
This border dispute is very complicated.
The border dispute in the North East is very complex. Because of this, the citizens of Assam and Mizoram often clash. The border of Assam and Mizoram is currently about 165 km long, and it exists since Mizoram was known as Lushai Hills. Lushai Hills was a district of Assam itself.
In 1875, a notification was issued, and after the report, Lushai Hills was separated from Kachhar Plains. After this, a statement was published in the year 1933. In the notification that came this year, a boundary between Lushai Hills and Manipur was outlined.
This is the real reason for the controversy.
The people of Mizoram believe that the border was to be outlined based on the notification of 1875. This notification was prepared from the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BEFR) Act, 1873. Mizo leaders say that in the past, too, the boundary fixed based on 1933 has been opposed.
They argue that the Mizo citizens were not asked, and their advice was not taken while determining the boundary. According to Mizo leaders, the Assam government accepts the boundary demarcation of 1933, which is the real reason for the struggle.
There are many borders with Assam.
Even after getting independence, this border dispute could not be resolved. The State of Mizoram Act was passed in 1986, and Mizoram became a separate state in 1987. In 1950, Assam got the status of a state of India.
After this, in 1960 and 1970, many new states were formed adjacent to its borders. Due to this, the border of Assam got reduced. The people of Mizoram believe that according to the agreement between the governments of Assam and Mizoram, the status quo in the border should be maintained in no man’s land.
Ruckus in October
Violence had also taken place in February 2018 before the violence on Monday and October 2020. In the violence in February 2018, the Mizoram Jirlai Party (MZP) had built a wooden rest house in the forest, which farmers used. At that time, it was destroyed by the officials of the Assam Police and Forest Department.
He said that the rest house was built on the border of Assam. The members of MZP had committed violence against the citizens of Assam at that time. Along with this, journalists who went to cover this incident from Mizoram were also pushed. The Mizoram Civil Society even claimed that illegal Bangladeshi citizens from the Assam side were present in the forest.