Child Labor In India: Children are the future of every country. But there are also some children whose childhood spent not working or going to school, but working. Some children forced to work to earn bread two times. For this reason, the day of June 12 is celebrated every year as World Child Labor Day. The purpose of celebrating this day is to make people aware of child labor.
The International Labor Union raised the demand to stop child labor at the international level for the first time. After which law unanimously passed in 2002. It is a crime under this law to work with young children. In 2002, Child Labor Prohibition Day celebrated for the first time on June 12.
According to the United Nations, capturing or harming children from 5 to 14 years through any work is considered a violation of international law and national law. If practice deprives them of schooling, then that work is ‘child labor.’
Child Labor Status and Figures
According to the 2011 Census data, 1.01 crore children are doing child labor out of 25.96 crore children aged 5 to 14 years. Over 43 lakh children have found doing child labor in India. According to UNICEF, India alone accounts for 12 percent of the total child labor worldwide.
There are 152 million working children in the world between 5 and 17 years, of which 8 million are in India. Out of 152 million children, 73 million do dangerous work. These include tasks such as cleaning, factories, and domestic helpers.
The maximum number is in Africa. Here 7.21 crore children do child labor. 6.21 crore in Asia-Pacific, and more than 10 million children in the US do child labor.
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