Earlier onion prices made people cry and now high prices of potatoes are causing trouble. For the first time in the last 10 years at least, the market price of potato has increased in December. Due to this, the farmers got a good price for the crop but the burden was increased in the pockets of ordinary citizens. At this time the Potato Price In India reached Rs 40 per kg in some parts of the country. If we look at the last few years, the average price of potato during this period has been about half of the current price.
Potato Price In India
Rising potato prices have also surprised the experts. They have not found any concrete reason behind this boom. According to him, due to the record production of 53 million tonnes in 2018-19, there should be sufficient stock of vegetables in the country.
The Potato Price In India Was Rs 749 / Quintal In December Last Year
The average price of potato in the country between 1-23 December was about Rs.1360 / quintal. A year ago this time the price was Rs 749. Due to the unseasonal rains, potato prices rose to Rs 1140 / quintal in November from the average price of Rs 1010 / quintal in October this year. Now the retail price of potato in the capital Delhi is Rs 40 per kg. At the same time, until a few months ago it was 15-20 rupees per kg.
Winter Crop Arrives
SK Chakraborty, director of the Shimla-based Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI), says the price hike may be temporary and the real picture will be revealed when the main winter crop starts from late January. The winter crop accounts for about 80 percent of the total production. It kept in cold storage for use throughout the year.
Potato Price In India Increase Factor
There are many factors behind the rise in potato prices in the retail market. According to traders, the arrival of the initial rabi crop was delayed by 20-25 days. The sowing of this crop takes place in the end of September and it cuts from the end of November. In some areas of Karnataka, rains in September spoiled the fields, resulting in low production. Apart from this, there is a possibility of less crop next year because many farmers in West Bengal have shifted to short-duration paddy cultivation instead of potato. Due to this, the area of potato production in the state has decreased.
Chakraborty says that if the area under potato is less in West Bengal in winter, it will not normally exceed 10 percent of 4 lakh hectares. But delay in sowing can lead to low production. He further said that farmers are still sowing potatoes and it will take at least 60 days to mature for a yield of 20 tonnes/ha.
Uttar Pradesh Has The Most Potatoes
West Bengal is the second largest potato producing state in India. The average yield here is around 32 t / ha. The largest potato producing state is Uttar Pradesh. According to experts, there may be a drop of about 5 percent in the area here this winter. The reason is the late harvesting of the Kharif crop.